Introduction to command-line

In many steps regarding Python usage reference the “console”, “terminal”, “command window” or “command-line” – these all mean the same thing: a window on your computer where you can enter commands. When you get to main tutorial, you’ll learn more about command line. For now main thing you need to know is how to open command window and what it looks like:

Windows

Depending on your version of Windows and your keyboard, one of the following should open a command window (you may have to experiment a bit, but you don’t have to try all these suggestions):

  • Go to the Start Menu or Screen, and enter “Command Prompt” in search field.

  • Go to Start Menu -> Windows System -> Command Prompt.

  • Go to Start Menu -> All Programs -> Accessories -> Command Prompt.

  • Go to Start Screen, hover your mouse on lower-left corner of the screen, and click the down arrow that appears (on touch screen, instead flick up the bottom of the screen). The Apps page should now open. Click on Command Prompt in Windows System section.

  • Hold down special Windows key on your keyboard and press the “X” key. Choose “Command Prompt” from the pop-up menu.

  • Hold the Windows key and press the “R” key to get “Run” window. Type “cmd” in the box, and click the OK button.

../_images/windows_run_cmd.png

You should see following window:

../_images/windows_cmd.png

Windows also has PowerShell which is very powerful command-line tool. This tutorial is not using it.